Research Activities

Talloires Conference: World Order as a U.S.-European Issue > Participant Bios

Nobuyasu Abe

Nobuyasu Abe is Ambassador of Japan to Switzerland. He has been focusing on security and arms control matters in the Japanese government serving as Director-General for Arms Control and Science Affairs in Tokyo (1997-1999) and as Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations for Disarmament Affairs (2003-2006). He is a graduate of Amherst College (Class of 1969) and was an international fellow at Harvard’s CFIA in 1986-87. He served as ambassador of Japan to Vienna (1999-2001) and to Saudi Arabia (2001-2003) as well. He has been an associate member of the IISS since mid 1980s. He also served as Japan’s Consul-General in Boston in 1995-2006.

John Adamson

John Adamson is a Fellow of Peterhouse, University of Cambridge. His most recent book, The Noble Revolt: the Overthrow of Charles I, was published in 2007 to wide critical acclaim. His historical research has received a number of prizes and honours, including the University of Cambridge's Seeley Medal for History and Thirlwall Prize, and the Royal Historical Society's Alexander Prize. Among his publications, The Princely Courts of Europe, 1500-1750 (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1999), was named a Book of the Year by the Sunday Times. He is a regular reviewer and op-ed writer for the London Sunday Telegraph, the Sunday Times, and a contributor to the Times, the Financial Times, and the Literary Review. He has been a Visiting Fellow at Yale University and at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Visiting Scholar and Seminar Moderator at the Aspen Institute (Colorado). His current research interests include the education of policy-makers and the formulation of public policy in contemporary Europe.

Steven B. Bloomfield

Steven B. Bloomfield is Executive Director of the Weatherhead Center and a member of the Center's Executive Committee. Previously he has served as the Center's associate director, director for public information, and director of the Center's Fellows Program. While working at Harvard he has also served as program director of the Latin American Scholarship Program of American Universities (LASPAU). He has also had classroom teaching experience in the Boston Public Schools, worked in rural development and education as a Peace Corps volunteer in the Ecuadorian Andes, instructed in the elementary grades in a New York City independent school, and served as a member of a settlement-house staff and as a community organizer in Manchester and London, England. He holds degrees from Harvard's Graduate School of Education and Harvard College.

Frank Boas

Frank Boas has served as an attorney in the Office of the Legal Advisor of the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C. He has practiced law in Europe, with offices in Brussels and London, and was Of Counsel to the law firm Patton, Boggs, & Blow in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Bar of the U.S. District of Columbia, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, and the U.S. Supreme Court. He received a Bachelor of Arts and a Juris Doctorate from Harvard University. He is the past President of the Pacific and Asian Affairs Council, and a Board Member of the University of Hawaii Foundation, the Honolulu Academy of Arts and the Pacific Forum CSIS. Nicola Clase is State Secretary for EU and Foreign Affairs at the Prime Minister’s Office in Stockholm Sweden.

John Clarke

Deputy Permanent Representative Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Delegation of the European Union to the United Nations in Geneva

Richard N. Cooper

Richard N. Cooper is Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics at Harvard University. He is Vice-Chairman of the Global Development Network, and a member of the Trilateral Commission, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Executive Panel of the US Chief of Naval Operations, the Aspen Strategy Group and the Brookings Panel on Economic Activity. He has served on several occasions in the US Government, as chairman of the National Intelligence Council (1995-1997), Under-Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (1977-1981), Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Monetary Affairs (1965-1966), and senior staff economist at the Council of Economic Advisers (1961-1963). He was also chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston (1990-1992). As a Marshall Scholar, he studied at the London School of Economics, and earned his Ph.D. at Harvard University. His most recent books include Boom, Crisis, and Adjustment (with others), Macroeconomic Management in Korea, 1970-1990 (with others), Environment and Resource Policies for the World Economy, and What the Future Holds (with others).

Charles Crawford

Charles Crawford served for nearly thirty years in HM Diplomatic Service, primarily dealing with and working in former Communist Europe. Serving in South Africa, Yeltsin's Russia and then as British Ambassador in Sarajevo, Belgrade and Warsaw, he acquired significant expertise in the policy, practice and psychology of 'transition'. He retired from the FCO at the end of 2007 to start a new career as a mediator, consultant, and writer. He is based near Oxford in England. His website is www.charlescrawford.biz.

Nicole Delaney

Nicole Delaney currently works as Fund Portfolio Manager for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria managing a portfolio of grants in the Eastern Europe & Central Asian region. She has also focused on policy development and assumed the function of Special Assistant to the Director of Operations of the Global Fund. Before joining the Global Fund in 2004, Ms. Delaney worked for UNHCR engaging in refugee protection and emergency responses in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kenya and at HQ in Geneva (2000-2004), and managed the implementation of national and municipal elections for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in various regions in Bosnia & Herzegovina (1997-2000). Ms. Delaney holds a Bachelor of Arts (Honours)/Bachelor of Laws degree from the Australian National University, a Magister Juris degree (Distinction) specializing in international law, human rights and constitutional law from the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany, and a Masters of Business Administration (Executive) from INSEAD, France. She is currently completing a Dr Juris thesis on electoral rights of refugees and internally displaced persons and concepts of governance and democracy.

Luise Drüke

Luise Drüke, Faculty Member, Leibniz University Hannover, Department of Political Sciences, teaches seminars on UN and humanitarian governance studies. Her research, publications, teaching and seminars have been on interdisciplinary analyses of international legal, humanitarian, migration and refugee issues, peace keeping, UN studies and global governance. In nearly 30 years of UN service, she headed UNHCR offices operations/missions in Europe, South East Asia, Central Asia, South America and Central America and Africa. She holds degrees from Hannover University and Shumen University "Episkop Konstantin Preslavski", from Brussels, Harvard, Webster and Nice in Law, Political Science, Economics, Public Administration and European Studies. Fellow/Scholarships include: Visiting Scholar, CIS, MIT, 2006 (UN studies) and Fellow, MIT Program on Human Rights & Justice (2004-2006) where she completed/ published her last UNHCR project on “Refugee Policy in EURASIA” (with a focus on the CIS area and EU Enlargement Process). She was Research Scholar at the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI) in 2000, a Fellow/Associate at the CFIA in 1987-1988 and a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School when she completed and then published her doctoral dissertation. She has previously taught seminars and lead round tables on human rights and refugee protection, on UN and humanitarian studies at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government (2005-2007), on humanitarian issues in IR at Boston University (1993-1994), on EC/EU and UN related topics at the Institut du droit de la paix et du développement (1992-1997) and at the Institut européen des hautes études internationals (1989- 1997) at the University of Nice. Dr. Drüke continues to participate in several research and policy-related academic initiatives, such as the Steering Group of The Inter-University Committee on International Migration at MIT, the Academic Council of the United Nations System (ACUNS), the German UN Association, the American Association of International Law (ASIL) and the International Political Science Association (IPSA). Her current research focus is on humanitarian governance and the ‘responsibility to protect’ (UN Summit 2005). Representative publications include: Refugee Policy in EURASIA, Housing and Property Restitution for Returnees in Tajikistan; International Protection of Refugees and European Judicial Control of Asylum; and The United Nations in Conflict Prevention. More information and copies of publications can be found at: www.luisedruke.com.

Katarina Engberg

Katarina Engberg is Director in the Swedish Ministry of Defence. Prior to this she was Minister for Defence Affairs, Head of the Defence Group in the Permanent Representation of Sweden to the European Union; Director of Strategic Planning, Swedish Ministry of Defence; Expert, Swedish Defence Commission; and CFIA Fellow in 1986-1987. Other previous positions include: Senior Advisor, Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters; Research Associate, IISS, London; and Diplomatic Correspondent, Swedish Television. She was educated at Harvard University, Stockholm University, and Lisbon University. Publications include Impact Study of the OAU Mechanism for Conflict Management (June 2002).

José Maria Figueres

José Maria Figueres served as President of Costa Rica from 1994 to 1998. As President of Costa Rica, he created a comprehensive national sustainable development strategy, combining sound macroeconomic indicators, strategic human development investments, and a strong alliance with nature. In the international arena, President Figueres has pioneered the linkage between sustainable development and technology. He helped create and lead the United Nations ICT Task Force as its first Chairperson. He was the first person to be named CEO of the World Economic Forum, where he strengthened global corporate ties to social and governmental sectors by identifying common long-term interests. Currently President Figueres is CEO of Concordia 21 in Spain, dedicated to supporting organizations which promote development and democratic values around the world. He holds an Industrial Engineering Degree from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and a Masters in Public Administration from the JFK School of Government, Harvard University.

Michael J. Glennon

Michael J. Glennon is Professor of international law at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, in Medford, Massachusetts. Prior to teaching, he was Legal Counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (1977-1980) and Assistant Counsel in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the United States Senate (1973-1977). In 1998 he taught international and constitutional law in Lithuania as a Fulbright scholar. During the 2001-2002 academic year, he was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. In 2006, he was Director of Studies at the Hague Academy of International Law. Professor Glennon has served as a consultant to various congressional committees, the U.S. State Department, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. He is a member of the American Law Institute and the Council on Foreign Relations.

Richard J. Goldstone

Richard J. Goldstone has served as Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, and as the Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. He has taught at Harvard, New York University, Fordham and Georgetown University Law Schools. He is a foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and an honorary member of the Association of the Bar of New York. He was a fellow at the Weatherhead Center in 1989. He also serves on the boards of the Human Rights Institute of South Africa, Human Rights Watch, Physicians for Human Rights, the International Center for Transitional Justice and the Center for Economic and Social Rights.

Friedrich Gröning

Friedrich Gröning is Ambassador and Commissioner of the Federal Government for Arms Control and Disarmament (since 2005) at the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin. After studying law and history at Munich and Bonn Universities, Ambassador Gröning joined the German Foreign Service in 1973. Previous positions include: Deputy Commissioner of the Federal Government for Arms Control and Disarmament; Minister at the Permanent Representation of the Federal Republic of Germany to the EU, Brussels; German Ambassador to Costa Rica; Director for Mediterranean Affairs, Federal Foreign Office; Head of Press and Information, German Embassy London; member of the Task Force of the Federal Foreign Office for the 2+4 Negotiations; Deputy Director of NATO division, Federal Foreign Office. He is a former fellow of the WCFIA.

Jean-Marie Guéhenno

Jean-Marie Guéhenno has been the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations since he was appointed to the position in October 2000. Mr. Guéhenno has vast experience in the field of diplomacy, defense and international relations as well as in administration and management. He spent part of his career in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France as a member of the policy planning staff (1979-1981); head of cultural affairs of the French Embassy in the United States (1982-1986); director of the policy planning staff (1989-1993); and Ambassador to the Western European Union (1993-1995). Mr. Guéhenno was a member of the Commission responsible for the White Paper on Defense (1994), and has been the chairman of the Institute des Hautes Études de défense nationale since 1998. He has also been a member of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament matters since 1999. Mr. Guéhenno was educated at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He became a member of the Cour des Comptes (The French Audit Office) after his graduation from the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA) in 1976. He worked in the section of the Cour that audits the Ministry of Defense until his appointment as the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations. Mr. Guéhenno is Chevalier de la légion d’honneur and commandeur de l’ordre du mérite allemand. Mr. Guéhenno has contributed numerous articles on international affairs and is the author of The End of the Nation-State (1993).

Reneé Haferkamp

Reneé Haferkamp is former director general of the European Commission. Haferkamp has participated in all the important milestones in the development of the EU, from the period of Paul Henri Spaak and Jean Monnet to Jacques Delors and Jose Manuel Barroso. She is currently organizing panel discussions with professors and students on the recent development of the EU: "Challenges for the Twenty-First Century: European and American Perspectives" at the Center for European Studies, the Kennedy School of Government, and Tufts University. Several important figures have been among the speakers, including Bill Clinton, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Javier Solana, Pascal Lamy, Mario Monti, and many others. During the fall 2008, the speakers are the President of the European Commission, Jose Manuel Barroso, the Commissioners for Environment and Health, as well as Mr. Alain Lamassoure, Member of the European Parliament, who will discuss the priorities of the French Presidency of the European Union. Robert Kagan, the author of Of Paradise and Power, will explain why Europe is Venus and the U.S. is Mars.

Diego Hidalgo

Diego Hidalgo is President of FRIDE, and founder of the Grupo D which includes FRIDE, the CLUB OF MADRID, the Toledo International Center for Peace, DARA and Foreign Policy in Spain. He earned an LL.B. from the University of Madrid (1964), and an MBA from the Harvard Business School (1968); he has completed the requirements for a Ph.D. in Political Science at CUNY, and has an Honorary Doctorate in Journalism from Northeastern University, Chicago. He was Division Chief for Africa at the World Bank (1968-1977), President of FRIDA (1978-1983) and Alianza Editorial in Spain (1983-89) as well as cofounder of EL PAIS. He is the author of El Futuro de España (1996) and several other books. He is Governor and member of the Executive Committee of the Club of Rome, and was awarded with the honor of the Great Cross of the Order of Civilian Merit in Spain in 2002. He was a CFIA Fellow from 1994-1995.

Stanley Hoffman

Stanley Hoffman is the Paul and Catherine Buttenwieser University Professor at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1955. He was the Chairman of Harvard's Center for European Studies from its creation in 1969 until 1995. Born in Vienna, he lived and studied in France from 1929 to 1955. He has taught at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in Paris, from which he graduated, and at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. His main publications include: Decline or Renewal? France Since the '30s (1974); Primacy or World Order: American Foreign Policy Since the Cold War (1978); Duties Beyond Borders (1981); Janus and Minerva (1986); The European Sisyphus (1995); The Ethics and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention (1997); World Disorders (1998); Gulliver Unbound (2004); and Chaos and Violence (2006). His Tanner Lectures of 1993, on the French nation and nationalism, were published in 1993. He is working on a book on Albert Camus and on essays on ethics and international affairs.

Karl Kaiser

Karl Kaiser is Director of the Program on Transatlantic Relations at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and an Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He attended the universities of Cologne, Grenoble and Oxford. After concluding his Ph.D on British policy on European integration he worked at Harvard from 1963 to 1968 (CFIA, Government Department, Social Studies) and returned several times as a visiting professor. He held professorships at Johns Hopkins University in Bologna, Saarbruecken, Florence, Cologne and Bonn. He was director of the German Council on Foreign Relations from 1973 to 2003. He worked for Chancellors Brandt and Schmidt as well as (Candidate) Gerhard Schroeder. He has published numerous books on German foreign policy and international affairs.

Hans-Peter Kaul

Hans-Peter Kaul has been a judge at the International Criminal Court since 2003. In 2006, he was re-elected for a second term. He is a member of Pre-Trial Chamber III and the President of the Pre-Trial Division. Before his election, he was a diplomat at the German Federal Foreign Office. From 1996-2003 he was Head of the German delegation and chief negotiator in the process leading to the establishment of the International Criminal Court. Judge Kaul has published extensively on the topic of public international law in general and international criminal law in particular.

Pierre B. A. Keller

Pierre B. A. Keller is Former Partner of Lombard Odier & Cie, Private Investment Bank. Mr. Keller studied law at the University of Geneva and obtained his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations at Yale University. He started his banking career with the Swiss Bank Corporation in New York and then spent a number of years in the Swiss Diplomatic Service where he was assigned to the Swiss Observer's Office to the United Nations, the Federal Political Department in Berne and the Swiss delegation to EFTA in Geneva. He joined Lombard, Odier & Cie in 1961, and has been the partner responsible for institutional clients since 1970 and senior partner of the bank from 1990 to 1994. He retired from Lombard, Odier & Cie in 1995. Mr. Keller was a member of the Board of the Swiss Bankers' Association, of the International Centre for Monetary and Banking Studies and the "Institut International d'Etudes Bancaires." He was a member of the International Committee of the Red Cross and its Vice-President for a number of years. He is currently a member of the Advisory Committee for the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University.

Jaakko Laajava

Jaakko Laajava is Ambassador of Finland to the United Kingdom. Prior to that, he held positions as Under-Secretary of State at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Helsinki from 2001 to 2004 and Ambassador to Finland to the United States from 1996 to 2001. He entered the Finnish Foreign Service in 1971. He holds a B.A. from Stockholm University and a M.A. from University of Helsinki. He was a fellow at the Center for International Affairs at Harvard University from 1985 to 1986.

Manuel Lafont Rapnouil

Manuel Lafont Rapnouil is a French career diplomat who has been in charge of Multilateral Affairs at the Policy Planning Staff of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs since June 2005. He is also rapporteur for the Commission of the Defense and National Security White Paper as well as for the Commission of the French Foreign and European Policy White Paper (both due end of June 2008). Previously, between April 2002 and May 2005, he was desk officer at the United Nations International Organisations Department, more specifically, in charge of Security Council discussions on Iraq and of the preparation of the 2005 Summit.

Robert Lawrence

Robert Lawrence is Albert L. Williams Professor of International Trade and Investment, a Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He currently serves as Faculty Chair of The Practice of Trade Policy executive program at Harvard Kennedy School. He served as a member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1998 to 2000. Lawrence has also been a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He has taught at Yale University, where he received his Ph.D. in economics. His research focuses on trade policy. He is the author of Crimes and Punishments? Retaliation under the WTO; Regionalism, Multilateralism and Deeper Integration; Single World, Divided Nations?; and Can America Compete? and coauthor of Has Globalization Gone Far Enough? The Costs of Fragmentation in OECD Markets (with Scott Bradford); A Prism on Globalization; Globaphobia: Confronting Fears About Open Trade; A Vision for the World Economy; and Saving Free Trade: A Pragmatic Approach. Lawrence has served on the advisory boards of the Congressional Budget Office, the Overseas Development Council, and the Presidential Commission on United States-Pacific Trade and Investment Policy.

Jennifer Leaning

Jennifer Leaning is Professor of the Practice of International Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. She co-directs the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative and is Senior Advisor in International and Policy Studies at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. Her research and policy interests include issues of public health, medical ethics, and early warning in response to war and disaster, human rights and international humanitarian law in crisis settings, and problems of human security in the context of forced migration and conflict. She has field experience in problems of public health assessment and human rights in a range of crisis situations (including Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Kosovo, the Middle East, former Soviet Union, Somalia, the Chad-Darfur border, and the African Great Lakes area) and has written widely on these issues.

Valerie J. Lofland

Valerie J. Lofland is Chief, Air Force Assignments, NATO Manning Division, Headquarters US European Command, Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Lofland is responsible for the assignment requisition process for over 1,250 Air Force personnel in 31 diverse NATO locations worldwide. Prior to this assignment she was an international program manager, at the Partnership for Peace Consortium, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch, Germany. Dr. Lofland is a retired Air Force officer with previous assignments in international and national security affairs and personnel support. She was a WCFIA fellow from 2003-2004.

Steven Miller

Steven Miller is Director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center, which is based at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the quarterly journal International Security and also co-editor of the International Security Program's book series, BCSIA Studies in International Security. Previously, he was Senior Research Fellow at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and taught Defense and Arms Control Studies in the Department of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is co-author of the recent monograph, War with Iraq: Costs, Consequences, and Alternatives (2002) and a frequent contributor to Nezavisimaya Gazeta. Miller is editor or co-editor of some two dozen books, including, most recently, Offense, Defense, and War (2004), The Russian Military: Power and Policy (2004), Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict —Revised Edition (2001), and The Rise of China (2000). Miller is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, where he has been a member of their Committee on International Security Studies (CISS). He is also co-chair of the U.S. Pugwash Committee, a member of the Council of International Pugwash, a member of the Advisory Committee of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), a member of the Scientific Committee of the Landau Network Centro Volta (Italy) and formerly a member of the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

Jacques Mistral

Jacques Mistral is a professor of economics, an advisor to the Treasury and a member of the Conseil d’Analyse Economique (Prime Minister’s office, Paris). Until August 2006, he served as the Minister, Financial Counselor to the Embassy of France in the United States of America. He was a senior fellow at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, during the academic year 2005-2006. During his stay at the Kennedy School, his research focused on a better understanding of domestic resistances to globalization, on comparing the political economy of the EU and the US, on recent trends in globalisation (in particular in the Pacific Basin) and on corporate responsibility. As a professor of economics, he has had a long teaching career at the Institut d'etudes politiques (Sciences-po) and at Ecole Polytechnique. He has served as the Economic adviser to two French Prime Ministers, MM Michel Rocard and Laurent Fabius. He spent eight years with the AXA group, a world leader in insurance and financial services, where his responsibilities have successively been CEO of the International Risks Subsidiary, EVP for Human Resources, EVP for Asia and finally EVP-Finance. Jacques received his education at France’s Ecole Polytechnique, and holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Paris I (1977). He recently published two books on the American economy, a report on reforming financial accounting and numerous articles on recent issues like globalization and the financial reforms in the US. He is a member of the council of the CEPII (leading centre in international economics in France) and of Le Cercle des Economistes.

Makio Miyagawa

Makio Miyagawa graduated from Tokyo University in 1974 with a Bachelor of Science, in Aeronautical and Space Engineering. In 1976, Dr. Miyagawa entered government service and began working for the Ministry of Transport as a Desk Officer. In 1979, he was transferred to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and worked as a Desk Officer in the Nuclear Energy Division. He began his true career as a diplomat in 1982, when he was transferred to the Japanese Embassy in the United Kingdom as a Political Secretary. In 1984, he returned to Japan and became a Desk Officer in the OECD Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was further assigned in 1986 as the Legal Officer in the Policy Coordination Division. Dr. Miyagawa was selected as the Executive Assistant to the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Office of the Prime Minister of Japan. He served in this capacity for two years until 1989 when he became the Deputy Director of the 2nd North American Division. During this time he also completed his doctoral dissertation and was awarded a Doctor of Philosophy from Oxford University. He was then transferred to the Russian Division in 1991, and also served as its Deputy Director. In 1993, Dr. Miyagawa was assigned to the Embassy of Japan in Kuala Lumpur as the Counsellor for Political Affairs/Head of Chancery. He was transferred to Geneva in 1996 and served as the Counsellor for the Japanese Mission. 1999 saw Dr. Miyagawa’s return to Japan to serve as the Director of the Developing Economies Division at the Foreign Ministry, when he negotiated the Economic Partnership with Singapore. From 2002, he served as the Director of the Regional Policy Division, Asia and Oceania Affairs Bureau. In 2004, he assumed his current duties as the Director of The Japan Institute of International Affairs. Dr. Miyagawa has authored the books: Do Economic Sanctions Work? (Macmillan, London, 1992) and Keizai Seisai (Chuo Koron Sha, Tokyo, 1992). He translated the book Domei no Rikigaku (Toyokeizai, Tokyo, 1988), A Japanese translation of Anglo American Defence Relations 1939-1984 written by John B. Baylis (Macmillan, London, 1994). He also has written numerous articles for publication on regional security and economic affairs, as well as given extensive lectures on these topics throughout the ASEAN region.

Kathleen Molony

Kathleen Molony is Director of the Fellows Program, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, and a member of the Center's Executive Committee. Previously, she served as Executive Director, Massachusetts Trade Office and as Principal, Standard & Poor's/DRI. She has also taught at the University of Michigan and at Princeton University. Current affiliations include: Board of Directors, Massachusetts Alliance for International Business; Executive Committee, Boston Committee on Foreign Relations; Director, Japan Society of Boston; The Boston Club. In 1993-1994, she was an Advanced Research Fellow in the Program on U.S.-Japan Relations, Harvard University. Dr. Molony is the author of numerous articles on Japan and East Asia and co-author of a book on Japan to be published by Stanford University Press. She was educated at Princeton University and the University of Michigan.

Michael Palliser

Michael Palliser is Vice-Chairman of the Board, Salzburg Seminar. Previous positions include: Fellow, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University; Chairman, Samuel Montagu & Co.; Chairman of the Council, International Institute for Strategic Studies; Special Adviser to the Prime Minister during the Falklands campaign; Permanent Under-Secretary of State; various positions with the British Foreign Service, including Head of the British Diplomatic Service, Ambassador, Permanent Representative to the European Communities, and Minister in the British Embassy, Paris.

Constantine Papadopoulos

Constantine Papadopoulos has been Advisor for European Affairs at Eurobank EFG, Athens, since November 1998. In this capacity, he advises the bank’s management on economic and political developments in the EU, as well as in Eastern and South-eastern Europe. From 1986 until 1998, he was a career diplomat with a special interest in EU affairs. He is also a member of the European Commission’s “Team Europe” group of experts, a member of the “Greek-Turkish Network” based in St Antony’s College, Oxford University, and a member of the Hellenic Society of International Law and International Relations. Dr. Papadopoulos holds a B.A. (1975), M.A. (1976) and D.Phil. (1984) in Economics from the University of Sussex, England, and has taught and published on various topics in the fields of economics, politics and European integration. He is also co-author of Eurobank's Greek Economics Bi-weekly and quarterly Macro Monitor (www.eurobank.gr).

Ronald Rasch

Ronald Rasch is a civilian employee of the Department of the Army who has served in the Office of the Foreign Policy Advisor at HQ US Army Europe (USAREUR) since 1995. As Deputy Foreign Policy Advisor, he advises the Command leadership and staff on national and international political developments affecting a wide scope of operational, force-level, and stationing issues of US ground forces in Europe. His focus is divided between Washington--particularly OSD, Congress and the interagency process--and US embassies, missions and higher military headquarters in Europe and Eurasia. He has a Ph.D. in international relations from UCLA and taught for several years in the international relations program of the University of Southern California.

John Roper

John Roper is Chairman of the House of Lords’ European Union Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Development. He is an Honorary Professor at the University of Birmingham and was, from April 1990 until September 1995, the first director of what is now the Institute for Security Studies of the European Union in Paris. After teaching economics at the University of Manchester in the 1960s, when he also served as a part time adviser to the British Government’s Department of Economic Affairs, John Roper was a member of the House of Commons (1970-1983), an opposition spokesman on defense (1979-81), and chief whip of the Social Democratic Party from 1981-1983. From 1983-1990, he was a senior staff member of Chatham House (RIIA) and was responsible for its International Security Program.

John Ryan

John Ryan is a Professor at the Heilbronn Business School, Germany teaching Managerial Finance and International Economics. Dr Ryan was educated at Oxford University, Cambridge University, London School of Economics and the Kiel Institute of World Economics, Germany. He was Director of the Executive Education at Cass Business School, City University and formerly taught as a Professor at the European Business School, New York University and EDHEC School of Management, Lille, France. He was a Visiting Scholar at the Centre for European Studies, Sciences Po, Paris and CRG Ecole Polytechnique, Paris. Dr. Ryan has worked at PA Consulting as the Director of the Euro Centre of Excellence in Dublin. He appears in media programmes such as the BBC World Business Report speaking on issues ranging from the EU, French and German economies, regulatory to transatlantic economic relations. Dr Ryan has most recently published papers on Basel 2, SEPA, Sarbanes Oxley and MiFID regulatory issues, and developments in commoditization. Dr. Ryan is a Freeman of the Worshipful Company of International Bankers and has been granted the Freedom of the City of London. Dr. Ryan has attended several Wilton Park British Foreign Office conferences and has been a fellow of the Salzburg Seminar on three occasions. He was Fellow of the 21st Century Trust on two occasions, observer at the Trilateral Commission in 2001 and attended a Ditchley conference in 2007. Dr. Ryan was a member of the Aspen Institute Berlin Transatlantic Study Group on “A New Transatlantic Agenda for the Next Century” from 1997-1998. He spoke as a British expert discussant at the Aspen Institute Berlin on "The Political Elite and the Formulation of German Foreign Policy". He has undertaken four lecture tours for the Deutsch-Britische Gesellschaft on the Euro and German Economy and was the Editor of Zeitgeist, the quarterly magazine of the British-German Association. Dr Ryan is a board member of the Jean Monnet Association and the Coalition for the Reform Treaty.

Peter Sato

Peter Sato is Adviser at the Tokyo Electric Power Company. Previous positions include Foreign Service Officer of Japan, retired as Ambassador to Beijing (1995-1998) and Ambassador to the Japanese delegation to OECD (1992-1995). At home, he served as Director-General of Economic Affairs (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), deputy Vice Minister for Administration of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Private Secretary to the Prime Minister of Japan (1978-1980). Currently he is Vice Chairman of the Japan-China Friendship Association and President at the Association for Promotion of International Cooperation.

Yukio Satoh

Yukio Satoh is Ambassador, and President of the Japan Institute of International Affairs in Tokyo. Ambassador Satoh was the Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations from October 1998 until August 2002. He served as the Ambassador of Japan to the Netherlands (1994-1996) and to Australia (1996-1998). He entered the foreign service in 1961 from the University of Tokyo’s Faculty of Law, and studied history at Edinburgh University from 1961-1963. He has served in various overseas postings including Washington D.C., London and Hong Kong. His Ministry of Foreign Affairs postings include Director of the Security Division, American Affairs Bureau (1976-1977), Private Secretary to Foreign Minister Sunao Sonoda (1977-1979), Director of the Policy Coordination Division (1985-1987), Assistant Vice-Minister for Parliamentary Affairs (1987-1988), Director-General of the Information Analysis, Research and Policy Planning Bureau (1990-1992), and Director-General of the North American Affairs Bureau (1992-1994) in the ministry. He was also the Chief of Prefectural Police of Miyazaki Prefecture from 1984-1985. While in London between 1980 and 1984, he was Research Associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) from 1980-1981. He has written numerous articles on Japanese security policy both in English and in Japanese.

Adele Simmons

Adele Simmons is currently Vice Chair of Chicago Metropolis 2020 and has led their work on early childhood education. Mrs. Simmons is leading the region wide centennial marking the 100th anniversary of Daniel Burnham and Edward Bennett’s Plan of Chicago, which is designed to renew the commitment of the region to “Bold Plans and Big Dreams.” She co-chairs Mayor Daley’s Climate Action Task Force. Mrs. Simmons is President of the Global Philanthropy Partnership which promotes global giving and strengthens the infrastructure to support global donors. She edits Global Giving Matters for the Synergos Institute. Mrs. Simmons was President of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for a decade, overseeing grants of over $1.5 billion. The foundation's international programs focus on the environment, population, international peace and security, understanding inequality within and among nations and climate change. The Foundation had offices in Russia, Mexico, India, Brazil and Nigeria and works in 61 countries. Mrs. Simmons is currently on the Board of Marsh and McLennan Companies and The ShoreBank Corporation, and a number of non-profit organizations, including the Chicago Council of Global Affairs, The National Mexican Museum, The Synergos Institute, American Prospect, Winning Workplaces, the Union of Concerned Scientists and the Field Museum of Natural History. She chairs the Advisory Committee to the Weatherhead Center at Harvard University. She served on President Carter's Commission on World Hunger and President Bush's Commission on Sustainable Development and was a member of the Commission on Global Governance as well as the UN High Level Advisory Board on Sustainable Development. Before joining the MacArthur Foundation, Simmons was President of Hampshire College and prior to that, Dean of Students and Assistant Professor of History at Princeton University and Dean of Jackson College at Tufts University.

Beth Simmons

Beth Simmons is Clarence Dillon Professor of International Affairs at Harvard University. She received her PhD. from Harvard University in 1991 in the Department of Government. She has taught international relations, international law, and international political economy at Duke University, the University of California at Berkeley, and Harvard. Her book, Who Adjusts? Domestic Sources of Foreign Economic Policy During the Interwar Years, 1924-1939, was recognized by the American Political Science Association as the best book published in 1994 in government, politics, or international relations. She has worked at the International Monetary Fund with the support of a Council on Foreign Relations Fellowship (1995-1996), has spent as year as a senior fellow at the United States Institute of Peace (1996-1997), and a year in residence at the Center for Advanced study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. Since July 2006, she has served as Director of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard. She is currently finishing a book on the effects of international law on human rights practices.

Jenö C. A. Staehelin

Jenö C. A. Staehelin was in charge of European and North American Affairs in the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1987-1993) and later held positions as Ambassador to Japan (1993-1997) and as Permanent Observer/Representative to the United Nations in New York (1997-2004). He chaired the Executive Board of UNICEF and the UN Mine Action Support Group and is a member of the Advisory Board of the Dean of Harvard Law School and of the Board of the Schindler Group. After his retirement he was asked to act as Special Advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004-2005). Subsequently, he was elected to different boards, amongst them the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the Geneva Center for Humanitarian Dialogue and the Kofi Annan Foundation. Dieter Stiefel is Professor for Social and Economic History at Vienna University, Austria and Executive Director of the Vienna Schumpeter Society and the Schumpeter Program Harvard/Austria. He has held Research Fellowships at Cambridge University/England, Harvard University and UC Berkeley and is the author of books on European economic history, the Great Depression, business and banking history, nationalisation and privatisation, history of bankruptcy, Marshall Plan, De-Nazification and Holocaust Era Assets.

Colonel Stephen Townsend

Colonel Stephen Townsend is the Chief, Commander's Initiative Group, Headquarters, US Army Europe and 7th Army. He was commissioned in the Infantry in 1982 and has recently served as the Deputy Chief of Plans for Europe and Africa in the United States European Command, focusing on crisis prevention. Steve was a Weatherhead Fellow in 2006-2007.

Shirley Williams

Shirley Williams is a Co-Founder of the Liberal Democratic Party and served as Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords from 1993 until retiring from that position in 2004. She was spokesperson for the Liberal Democrats on Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs in the Lords from 1998 to 2001.Williams is now the Public Service Professor of Electoral Politics Emerita at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. In 1980, she was a fellow at the School’s Institute of Politics and, in 1989-1990, was IOP interim director. Williams also directed Project Liberty, which focused on the republics of the former Soviet Union, at the Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. She was a visiting professor at the University of Essex in 1994-1995, a member of the Advisory Council to the U.N. Secretary-General on the Fourth World Women’s Conference, and a member of the European Commission’s Comite de Sage on social and civil rights. She was also a President of Chatham House (Royal Institute of International affairs) 2002-2006, Williams served in the British Cabinet (1974–79) as secretary of state for education and science, secretary of state for prices and consumer protection, and paymaster general; the House of Commons as a Labour MP from 1964 to 1979, and as a Social Democrat MP from 1981 to 1983. She co-founded the Social Democratic Party in 1981, and served as its president from 1982 to 1988.